Jul
5
2010

BAHAYA NARKOBA TERHADAP KESEHATAN

1. PENGERTIAN NARKOBA
Obat-obatan yang ada dipasaran atau menurut saran dokter itu baik untuk kita gunakan dan bisa dibeli oleh masyarakat umum, merupakan obat yang legal atau sah. Namun ada kalanya tidak legal jika menggunakan obat-obat tersebut dengan cara yang tidak sesuai atau membelinya dari orang yang menjualnya secara illegal.
Ketika orang berbicara mengenai masalah penyalahgunaan obat, langsung tertuju pada Narkoba.
Narkoba Adalah obat atau bahan yang berbahaya bagi tubuh, nah zat adiktif yang terkandung dalam narkoba, dapat mempengaruhi perasaan, mood dan emosi bagi yang mengkonsumsinya.

Berikut macam yang tergolong Narkoba :
 Marijuana atau Ganja
 Ecstasy
 Coacaine atau Kokain
 LSD atau Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (obat yang menyebabkan Anda akan kehilangan konsentrasi terhadap benda dan kenyataan).
 Crystal meth atau Methylamphetamine
 Heroin
Sebetulnya Marijuana umumnya obat yang illegal, bahkan beberapa negara memperbolehkan untuk resep dokter, itu khusus untuk orang dewasa dan penyakit tertentu.

Mengapa orang mengkonsumsi Narkoba :
 Untuk merasakan kesenangan, efeknya rasa bahagia rohani dan jasmani bagi si pemakai, berbeda dengan kokain, efeknya menimbulkan atau kekuatan percaya diri. Sedangkan efek dari Heroin akan merasakan kepuasan dan relaksasi.
 Untuk merasa lebih baik, banyak orang yang menderita dari kegelisahan sosial, stress yang berhubungan disorders dan depresi.
 Meningkatkan kinerja tubuh
 Rasa ingin tahu, atau terbawa oleh lingkungan pergaulan, biasanya umur remaja sangat rentan dalam hal ini, atau seperti menguji keberanian.

Beberapa efek atau pengaruh Narkoba bagi tubuh kita :
 Stimulant – obat yang dapat mempengaruhi pada sistem saraf pusat. Ini meningkatkan aktivitas otak Anda, membuat Anda bersemangat dan energik. Contohnya amphetamines dan kokain.
 Depressant – obat dapat mempengaruhi sistem saraf pusat, perlambatan bawah aktivitas otak Anda. Anda mungkin bisa menjadi lesu, contohnya Alkohol dan larutan keduanya depressants.
 Hallucinogenics – obat yang dapat membuat Halusinasi, contohnya LSD, magic mushrooms dan cannabis.
 Analgesics – obat penghilang rasa sakit, contohnya Aspirin, Parasetamol dan Heroin.

2. BAHAYA NARKOBA
Bahaya narkoba sudah menjadi momok yang menakutkan bagi masyarakat. Berbagai kampanye anti narkoba dan penanggulangan terhadap orang-orang yang ingin sembuh dari ketergantungan narkoba semakin banyak didengung-dengungkan.
Sebab, penyalahgunaan narkoba bisa membahayakan bagi keluarga, masyarakat, dan masa depan bangsa.

Bahaya penyalahgunaan narkoba bagi tubuh manusia
Secara umum semua jenis narkoba jika disalahgunakan akan memberikan empat dampak sebagai berikut:
a.. Depresan
Pemakai akan tertidur atau tidak sadarkan diri.
b. Halusinogen
Pemakai akan berhalusinasi (melihat sesuatu yang sebenarnya tidak ada).
c. Stimulan
Mempercepat kerja organ tubuh seperti jantung dan otak sehingga pemakai merasa lebih bertenaga untuk sementara waktu. Karena organ tubuh terus dipaksa bekerja di luar batas normal, lama-lama saraf-sarafnya akan rusak dan bisa mengakibatkan kematian.
d. Adiktif
Pemakai akan merasa ketagihan sehingga akan melakukan berbagai cara agar terus bisa mengonsumsinya. Jika pemakai tidak bisa mendapatkannya, tubuhnya akan ada pada kondisi kritis (sakaw).

Adapun bahaya narkoba berdasarkan jenisnya adalah sebagai berikut:
a. Opioid:
 depresi berat
 apatis
 rasa lelah berlebihan
 malas bergerak
 banyak tidur
 gugup
 gelisah
 selalu merasa curiga
 denyut jantung bertambah cepat
 rasa gembira berlebihan
 banyak bicara namun cadel
 rasa harga diri meningkat
 kejang-kejang
 pupil mata mengecil
 tekanan darah meningkat
 berkeringat dingin
 mual hingga muntah
 luka pada sekat rongga hidung
 kehilangan nafsu makan
 turunnya berat badan
b. Kokain
 denyut jantung bertambah cepat
 gelisah
 rasa gembira berlebihan
 rasa harga diri meningkat
 banyak bicara
 kejang-kejang
 pupil mata melebar
 berkeringat dingin
 mual hingga muntah
 mudah berkelahi
 pendarahan pada otak
 penyumbatan pembuluh darah
 pergerakan mata tidak terkendali
 kekakuan otot leher

c. Ganja
 mata sembab
 kantung mata terlihat bengkak, merah, dan berair
 sering melamun
 pendengaran terganggu
 selalu tertawa
 terkadang cepat marah
 tidak bergairah
 gelisah
 dehidrasi
 tulang gigi keropos
 liver
 saraf otak dan saraf mata rusak
 skizofrenia
d. Ectasy
 enerjik tapi matanya sayu dan wajahnya pucat,
 berkeringat
 sulit tidur
 kerusakan saraf otak
 dehidrasi
 gangguan liver
 tulang dan gigi keropos
 tidak nafsu makan
 saraf mata rusak
e. Shabu-shabu:
 enerjik
 paranoid
 sulit tidur
 sulit berfikir
 kerusakan saraf otak, terutama saraf pengendali pernafasan hingga merasa sesak nafas
 banyak bicara
 denyut jantung bertambah cepat
 pendarahan otak
 shock pada pembuluh darah jantung yang akan berujung pada kematian.

f. Benzodiazepin:
 berjalan sempoyongan
 wajah kemerahan
 banyak bicara tapi cadel
 mudah marah
 konsentrasi terganggu
 kerusakan organ-organ tubuh terutama otak

Perilaku pemakai untuk mendapatkan narkoba
 melakukan berbagai cara untuk mendapatkan narkoba secara terus-menerus
 Pemakai yang sudah berada pada tahap kecanduan akan melakukan berbagai cara untuk bisa mendapatkan narkoba kembali. Misalnya, pelajar bisa menggunakan uang sekolahnya untuk membeli narkoba jika sudah tidak mempunyai persediaan uang.
 Bahkan, mereka bisa mencuri uang dari orangtua, teman, atau tetangga. Hal tersebut tentu akan mengganggu stabilitas sosial.
 Dengan kondisi tubuh yang rusak, mustahil bagi pemakai untuk belajar, bekerja, berkarya, atau melakukan hal-hal positif lainnya.

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